Trees for the Tranobe
Duration of the partnership
Deforestation in Madagascar is considered to among the most serious in the tropical world with 44% of natural forests having disappeared in the past 60 years.
The districts of Mananjary and Manakara, where the project is based, are located on the south-eastern coast of the island. In addition to deforestation, rural families in these regions, namely 90% of the population, mainly survive from subsistence farming. Thus, with rural families continuing, above all, to pursue an objective of short-term food security, the reforestation of damaged land is a challenge that requires overcoming some major technical, real estate, financial, and social obstacles.
Therefore, it is in this context that the Inter Aide association supports traditional lineage organisations (tranobe) in order to restore vast areas of bare hillside where slash and burn farming techniques have been used for decades. In order to ecologically restore the environment, the project supports local communities in learning agroforestry techniques and in the planting of about 1,200,000 trees, namely 600 hectares of hillsides that will be reforested.
In a context of food insecurity, local populations are unable to free up enough time for long-term environmental investments. Thus, in order to ensure the permanence of the project and secure the plots in real estate terms, the Inter Aide association uses a system of incentive grants for the replanting of the hillsides. This system offers an evenly distributed economic benefit, better replicability, greater inclusion of vulnerable families and helps to obtain a better survival rate of trees.
The project’s direct beneficiaries are the 3,000 member households of the tranobe forestry associations.
This project will also have an effect on all the populations of the three municipalities that will benefit from eco-systemic services via reforestation actions.
Inter Aide develops “research-action” and experience capitalisation strategies via the setting up of a participative process that will be carried out throughout the duration of the project with a view to creating a model that can be reproduced on a much wider scale.
Inter Aide is an association that specialises in access to development for the very poorest populations In order to carry out its projects, Inter Aide sets up actions based on agriculture, access to water, health, and education.
Our project is an environmental education tool for rural populations that helps them to envisage a long-term future and provide for their present circumstances. These actions help to raise people’s awareness about their environment and how to respect it and protect it (against fire, slash and burn). Collective reforestation actions are a means of strengthening relationships within their community structure (Tranobe). They help to make use of community land and confirm their status as owner in order to ensure that it is passed on to their descendants. Reforestation helps the Tranobe to accumulate wealth which protects the entire population.Moustapha Technicians working in the rural municipality of Sandrohy (Fokontany Ambodimarohita)
The Tranobe are greatly motivated and interested by the reforestation project owing to the difficulties their members face on a daily basis. Indeed the disappearance of forests in the area has made access to the wood required for their everyday lives difficult and has had a negative impact on rice production owing to a change in the flow of springs. The Tranobe were convinced of the interest of reforestation but the vulnerability of their members was an obstacle in particular for collective actions.